Roulette – History and Facts
Speaking about the history and reasons for the origin of roulette, you begin to encounter various variations of historical facts. The most popular version of the origin of roulette is the invention of Blaise Pascal in 1655, at the time of his monastic solitude he played in a casino in Paris.
Speaking about this fact, we can agree, because judging by the life of the monks of those times, their life was very boring and monotonous and for the sake of diluting their everyday life the monks had to at least somehow entertain themselves
Many times it was mentioned about the French Dominican monks who invented roulette, taking as a basis the Tibetan game in which the player had to collect 37 animal figurines, in a bad number 666. Apparently the roots of this Tibetan game stretch from China. The monks apparently slightly changed the course of the game, but the principle was left the same.
All the facts are very vague, but the fact remains – the game came to the world from France, whether the monk was the inventor was not proved.
Ancestors of roulette?
Roulette – a small wheel (translated from French)
Let’s dig deeper into history and read one of Casanova’s passages, 1763: “Only at that moment are all the ladies in a crazy state when biribi is next, the most common cheat game. Which is prohibited in Genoa, which makes it even more attractive. “
There are many references that roulette is the progenitor of the game in “Bone-Ace”, “Even-Odd”, “Poly Roles” and other games, but in reality they have no direct relation to roulette.
The very first roulette tracks
Official data reports that the first roulette appeared in the XVIII century. The first document mentioning the prohibition of playing roulette was a decree of 1758, which read “Prohibition of the game of dice, Hocha, Faro and roulette.”
What is Poly Vanka?
In 1730, in a letter to Countess Suffolk, the name of a certain game “Tumbler” was mentioned, the details of the game are still a mystery.
The book, entitled “The Fatal Effects of Gambling,” 1824, has a section entitled “Description of the Newly Entered Roulette Game or Roly Poly.”
Thus, it turns out that roulette came from France to England in about 1700, where it was known as Roly Poly. After the game was banned in 1745, it was reborn, modernized into modern roulette in 1875, in order to circumvent all laws prohibiting the game.
The game consists of a wheel that rotates inside the bowl, around which the ball rolls until it stops in one of the 37/38 holes. Before spinning the ball, players place bets on a specific color located on the mat. Because the game is considered french all designations are used in the original language. Although, to some casinos, the USA still rebuilt the game on its own motive.
The whole interest of the game is in the number of bets and the probabilities associated with them, the list below is:
Evenov – Rouge (red number), Noir (black number), couple, diminishing (odd number), Manque (1 – 18), Passe (19 – 36). Among other things, Pass is so named because the ball “passed” in Centrepoint. Manque translated from French “failed” and is used because the ball failed 18.
2: 1 – “Le Douze”. Twelve first digits, twelve average numbers, twelve last numbers. Place a bet in one of the squares.
2 to 1 is a column of twelve numbers. A bet is placed on the square at the end of one of the three columns of twelve numbers.
6 to 1 – A set of 6 digits. Place a bet at the intersection of the edge of two rows of three numbers to place a bet on 6 numbers in these 2 lines.
9: 1 – Carre en Pleine. Set of four numbers. Place the packet at the intersection of the square of four numbers.
12 to 1 – Carre Simple. A row of three numbers. Place a bet over the line that forms the end of the three-digit line.
18 in 1 En Chaval. Two numbers. Place the packet over the line separating the two numbers.
35 to 1. One number. Place chips indicating the number of stakeholders. It is permissible to set to zero or double zero.
Oddly enough, the sum of the numbers on the wheel is 666, which is considered the number of the devil.